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Economy Characteristics

Doing Business uses a number of variables to characterize a country. Some of these variables classify countries in terms of location, income per capita, and legal origin. Other variables measure economic and social outcomes of the government’s regulatory stance. See note on GNP and other terminology.

For main indicators by economy, click on the economy name. Click excel version for a copy of the data in Microsoft Excel. See the methodology for a description of variables.

Region
or
Economy
Region Income category GNI per Capita Informal economy (% GNP) Population (millions)*
Sub-Saharan Africa 766.8 42.3
South Asia 806.3 35.7
Latin America & Caribbean 3,084.5 41.5
Europe & Central Asia 3,916.5 37.7
East Asia & Pacific 4,343.5 24.3
Middle East & North Africa 5,876.3 27.5
OECD 31,217.4 17.4
Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 90 .. 7.2
Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 110 40.3 68.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 120 .. 53.2
Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 170 40.3 11.0
Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 180 .. 4.4
Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 200 .. 5.3
Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 220 .. 8.4
Niger Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 230 41.9 11.8
Afghanistan South Asia Low income 250 .. 23.9
Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 250 40.3 18.8
Chad Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 260 .. 8.6
Nepal South Asia Low income 260 38.4 24.7
Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 270 43.1 25.3
Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 300 39.6 16.9
Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 310 .. 3.9
Cambodia East Asia & Pacific Low income 320 .. 13.4
Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 330 58.3 35.9
Mali Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 360 41.0 11.7
Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 360 38.4 12.1
São Tomé and Principe Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 370 .. 0.2
Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 380 38.4 20.7
Togo Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 380 .. 4.9
Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific Low income 390 .. 5.7
Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 390 57.9 136.0
Haiti Latin America & Caribbean Low income 390 .. 8.4
Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia Low income 400 39.8 5.1
Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 420 .. 2.9
Bangladesh South Asia Low income 440 35.6 138.0
Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 450 48.9 10.4
Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia Low income 460 34.1 25.6
Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 460 34.3 31.9
Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 460 .. 7.9
Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 480 59.4 13.1
Benin Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 530 45.2 6.7
Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 530 .. 33.5
Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific Low income 550 .. 0.9
Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific Low income 550 .. 0.5
Vietnam East Asia & Pacific Low income 550 15.6 81.3
Yemen Middle East & North Africa Low income 570 27.4 19.2
Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific Low income 580 .. 5.5
Mongolia East Asia & Pacific Low income 590 18.4 2.5
Pakistan South Asia Low income 600 36.8 148.0
India South Asia Low income 620 23.1 1,060.0
Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 670 43.2 10.2
Moldova Europe & Central Asia Low income 710 45.1 4.2
Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 740 .. 1.8
Bhutan South Asia Low income 760 .. 0.9
Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 770 .. 3.8
Côte d'Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 770 39.9 16.8
Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean Low income 790 45.2 5.5
Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 800 32.8 16.1
Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 950 60.6 8.2
Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 960 67.1 8.8
Kiribati East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 970 .. 0.1
Guyana Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 990 .. 0.8
Sri Lanka South Asia Lower middle income 1,010 44.6 19.2
Angola Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 1,030 .. 13.5
Honduras Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 1,030 49.6 7.0
Georgia Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 1,040 67.3 5.1
Armenia Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 1,120 46.3 3.1
Indonesia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,140 19.4 215.0
Philippines East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,170 43.4 81.5
Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 1,170 .. 5.6
Syria Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 1,190 19.3 17.4
West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 1,200 .. 3.4
Ukraine Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 1,260 52.2 48.4
China East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,290 13.1 1,290.0
Egypt Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 1,310 35.1 67.6
Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,340 .. 0.2
Morocco Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 1,520 36.4 30.1
Tonga East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,830 .. 0.1
Samoa East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,860 .. 0.2
Micronesia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,990 .. 0.1
Colombia Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 2,000 39.1 44.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,040 34.1 4.1
Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 2,080 32.1 8.7
Albania Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,080 33.4 3.2
Belarus Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,120 48.1 9.9
Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 2,130 51.5 12.3
Jordan Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 2,140 19.4 5.3
Iraq Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 2,170 .. 24.7
Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 2,180 34.4 13.0
Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,260 43.2 14.9
Algeria Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 2,280 34.1 31.8
Iran Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 2,300 18.9 66.4
El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 2,350 .. 6.5
Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,350 .. 2.1
Peru Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 2,360 59.9 27.1
Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 2,370 .. 2.0
Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 2,370 .. 0.1
Maldives South Asia Lower middle income 2,510 .. 0.3
Thailand East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 2,540 52.6 62.0
Serbia and Montenegro Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,620 29.1 8.1
Tunisia Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 2,630 38.4 9.9
Fiji East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 2,690 .. 0.8
Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,740 36.9 7.8
Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 2,900 36.4 2.6
Romania Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,920 34.4 21.7
Brazil Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 3,090 39.8 177.0
Russia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 3,410 46.1 143.0
South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 3,630 28.4 45.8
Argentina Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 3,720 25.4 36.8
Turkey Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 3,750 32.1 70.7
Uruguay Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 3,950 51.1 3.4
Venezuela Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 4,020 33.6 25.7
Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 4,340 33.4 1.7
Panama Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 4,450 64.1 3.0
Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 4,640 .. 1.2
Malaysia East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 4,650 31.1 24.8
Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 4,670 26.2 4.0
Chile Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 4,910 19.8 15.8
Lebanon Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income 4,980 34.1 4.5
Latvia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 5,460 39.9 2.3
Lithuania Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 5,740 30.3 3.5
Poland Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 6,090 27.6 38.2
Slovak Republic Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 6,480 18.9 5.4
Croatia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 6,590 33.4 4.4
Mexico Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 6,770 30.1 102.0
Palau East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 6,870 .. 0.0
Estonia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 7,010 .. 1.4
Oman Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income 7,890 .. 2.6
Hungary Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 8,270 25.1 10.1
Czech Republic Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 9,150 19.1 10.2
Saudi Arabia Middle East & North Africa High income 10,430 18.4 22.5
Puerto Rico Latin America & Caribbean High income 10,950 .. 3.9
Korea OECD High income 13,980 27.5 47.9
Portugal OECD High income 14,350 22.6 10.4
Taiwan, China East Asia & Pacific High income 14,630 19.6 22.6
Slovenia Europe & Central Asia High income 14,810 27.1 2.0
Greece OECD High income 16,610 28.6 11.0
Israel Middle East & North Africa High income 17,380 21.9 6.7
Kuwait Middle East & North Africa High income 17,970 .. 2.4
United Arab Emirates Middle East & North Africa High income 18,060 26.4 4.0
New Zealand OECD High income 20,310 12.7 4.0
Spain OECD High income 21,210 22.6 41.1
Singapore East Asia & Pacific High income 24,220 13.1 4.3
Italy OECD High income 26,120 27.0 57.6
Hong Kong, China East Asia & Pacific High income 26,810 16.6 6.8
Australia OECD High income 26,900 15.3 19.9
Canada OECD High income 28,390 16.4 31.6
France OECD High income 30,090 15.3 59.8
Germany OECD High income 30,120 16.3 82.5
Belgium OECD High income 31,030 23.2 10.4
Netherlands OECD High income 31,700 13.0 16.2
Austria OECD High income 32,300 10.2 8.1
Finland OECD High income 32,790 18.3 5.2
United Kingdom OECD High income 33,940 12.6 59.3
Ireland OECD High income 34,280 15.8 4.0
Sweden OECD High income 35,770 19.1 9.0
Japan OECD High income 37,180 11.3 128.0
Iceland OECD High income 38,620 .. 0.3
Denmark OECD High income 40,650 18.2 5.4
United States OECD High income 41,400 8.8 291.0
Switzerland OECD High income 48,230 8.8 7.4
Norway OECD High income 52,030 19.1 4.6